Diamorphine, as we all know it be called Heroin, is an opioid most commonly used for recreation. What was intended to be used to relieve pain has now become widespread in use for recreation due to its addictive properties and the feelings of euphoria. Typically, people start out using pain killers like Vicodin or OxyContin, but after a while, the prescription painkillers become harder to divert and obtain. Many people addicted to opiates are turning to heroin because it’s a cheaper alternative.
Heroin suppresses the central nervous system and its functions like heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature regulation. It also binds to opioid receptors, increasing chemicals in the brain that are responsible for releasing feelings of pleasure. When this occurs, euphoria sets in and the user experiences a “high.” When heroin is abused, a rush of pleasure occurs, and when it is removed, the opposite effect takes place. Heroin is typically injected into a vein, but it can be smoked, snorted or inhaled.
Withdrawal symptoms range depending on how much the brain relies on heroin, and how much of its chemical structure has been altered with its abuse. For someone who doesn’t abuse heroin in heavy doses for months or years, withdrawal may be more tempered and not last as long. Mild to severe withdrawal symptoms may include:
The longer heroin is abused and how much is used each time will factor how dependent the brain and body are to the drug. Therefore, the severity and duration of withdrawal will vary for everyone. Someone with a history of mental illness or addiction may be more likely to become dependent on the drug quicker. Depression may lead someone to consider suicide, for example.
Heroin should never be stopped suddenly without the support of medical health professionals. Medical detox providers use medications and therapy to soothe symptoms, increasing the chances that a person will move through withdrawal safely and successfully.
Since withdrawal can peak after a few days from the last dose, detox at Banyan Treatment Center provides a comfortable way to rid the drug from the body and avoid relapse. Medical detox starts before heroin completely leaves the system, and usually takes between 5 and 7 days. For someone who is more heavily dependent on heroin, detox may last longer, in most cases up to 10 days. Medical detox may use medications and therapy to help the body and brain recover from heroin’s effects. Blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, and temperature levels are all monitored to help keep our clients safe and secure throughout the entire process.